Share this article Share In earlier years, department workers collected unwanted snow in horse-drawn carts, taking the slush to either the East River or the Hudson for disposal. With the advent of the car, more complicated devices like ice breakers and snow plows were introduced. A truck with trailer, both loaded with snow, in the early s One way or another: A two-horse team near the pier Fancy gadget: A man in a derby hat demonstrates a snow removal machine while three dignitaries look on Ice breaker: A man stands in a snowy New York street by a tractor-truck snow plow. Attached to it is an open vehicle with steel-rimmed wheels on which another man stands Nuisance:
Where Did the Taco Come From
Literature The peoples of South Asia have had a continuous literature from the first appearance in the Punjab of a branch of the Indo-European-speaking peoples who also settled all of Europe and Iran. In India this branch of Indo-Aryans, as they are usually called, met earlier inhabitants with different languages and no doubt a different culture—possibly a culture akin to that of the Indus Valley civilization, which had a script, and perhaps a literature of its own, of which nothing is known.
Certain to have been settled in India were peoples who spoke languages of Dravidian origin, as well as other languages, called Munda, now preserved only by aboriginal tribes, which show affinities with the languages of Southeast Asia. The earliest literature is of a sacred character and dates from about bc in the form of the Rigveda.
South Asian arts, the literary, performing, and visual arts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka.. Despite a history of ethnic, linguistic, and political fragmentation, the people of the Indian subcontinent are unified by a common cultural and ethical outlook; a wealth of ancient textual literature in Sanskrit, Prākrit, and regional languages is a major unifying factor.
Since the early Middle Ages the sign of the swastika was well established among all Slavic lands. Known as swarzyca,[ citation needed ] it was primarily associated with one of the Slavic gods named Svarog. With time the association with Slavic gods faded, but the swastika was preserved both as a personal symbol of various personalities, such as the Boreyko Coat of Arms , and in folk culture, for example, in the region of Podhale , where the swastika was used as a talisman well into the 20th century.
As a solar symbol, it was painted or carved on various parts of houses in the Tatra Mountains and was thought to save the household from evil. It was adopted as a regimental insignia by the artillery units of the 21st and 22nd Infantry Divisions , as well as by the soldiers of the 4th Legions’ Infantry, the 2nd and the 4th Podhale Rifles.
Outside of the military traditions, the mountaineer’s swastika also influenced a number of other symbols and logos used on Polish soil. After his death in the mountains in , the place of his death was marked by a memorial stone and a swastika. The Russian Provisional Government of printed a number of new bank notes with right-facing, diagonally rotated swastikas in their centres  During the Russian Civil War , the Red Army ‘s Kalmyk units wore distinct armbands featuring the swastika with “RSFSR” inscriptions on them.
As a Native American symbol[ edit ] Arizona state highway marker from the late s. Chilocco Indian Agricultural School basketball team in Because this was a popular symbol with the Navajo people , the Arizona Department of Transportation marked its state highways with signs featuring a right-facing swastika superimposed on an arrowhead. The original Penobscot Building in Detroit, Michigan, completed about , “was named after the Penobscot Indian tribe and region of Maine , the boyhood home of one of the investors.
An interesting feature in the Indian-themed detail of the building is the occasional appearance of a swastika, a symbol important to the Penobscots long before it was adopted by the Nazi party. Use by the military[ edit ] Original insignia of the 45th Infantry Division from the American Indian symbol.
In the first few months the British suffered many reverses. Patriotism ran high in these days of Empire, and Queen Victoria sent consignments of chocolate to the troops wishing them a Happy New Year for January 1st, The Boers gave the area the name of Suffolk Hill in recognition of their courage. They left for South Africa on February 11th.
DATING CARD MOUNTED PHOTOGRAPHS © [email protected] – HOME – Comments Card mounted photographs from the 19th and early 20th century, such as cartes-de-visites, cabinet cards and stereographs can be generally dated by their format and mount type.
The coach was crowded, and when it jostled she noticed that the man next to her settled himself an inch closer to her. She made a silent assessment: When he lifted his arm and draped it low across her back, Leoti had enough. He let out a terrible scream and left the coach at the next stop. If New York women will tolerate mashing, Kansas girls will not. Louis schoolteacher drove her would-be attacker away by slashing his face with her hatpin.
Such stories were notable not only for their frequency but also for their laudatory tone; for the first time, women who fought back against harassers were regarded as heroes rather than comic characters, as subjects rather than objects. Society was transitioning, slowly but surely, from expecting and advocating female dependence on men to recognizing their desire and ability to defend themselves.
The suffragists rejected the notion, advanced by the Chicago Vice Commission, that unchaperoned women should dress as modestly as possible—no painted cheeks or glimpse of ankle—in order to avoid unwanted attention. Also in New York, a hundred female factory workers, all wielding hatpins, attacked police officers who arrested two of their comrades for making allegedly anarchistic speeches. The proceedings were packed with curious spectators, men and women, and acrimonious from the start.
Similar laws subsequently passed in several other cities, including Milwaukee, Pittsburgh, Baltimore and New Orleans.
Photographs of Castles and Manor Houses around the World
It is the cathedral of the Archbishop of Canterbury, leader of the Church of England and symbolic leader of the worldwide Anglican Communion. The Hall Oxford, England. The Hall is a vestige of the main room in castles and other great medieval buildings such as Westminster Hall. All traditional Oxford and Cambridge Colleges have them – the colleges have retained the tradition of everyone eating together, as have the Inns of Court and many public ie private schools.
Such halls are often now called Great Halls or Dining Halls since the idea of a hall has changed to no more than an entrance or vestibule. Until recently, before Health and Safety moved in, it was normal practice for undergraduates to walk over the tables to get to their benches on the other side of the table.
St Edmundsbury in the late Twentieth Century. Find out about our local history since
It was believed that you could achieve anything—especially freedom—by emigrating to the U. Besides lower life expectancy and poor education systems, there were a number of other reasons that the negatives outweighed the positives for people in the early s. Surprisingly, roughly 90 percent of early s physicians never spent a single day in a college classroom.
Instead, they went to substandard medical schools, where they learned just the basics. Instead, they often opted for a beaten egg mixed with water. In fact, about 10 percent of people under the age of 14 were unable to read or write in any language. Luckily, this statistic began to improve in the following decades thanks to expanded public education spending. The high school graduation percentage was extremely low: Get this, a staggeringly small number of students graduated in 19oo.
Just how small, you ask?
Builders of the early 19th Century
The people had changed and a way of life had disappeared. Wartime austerity, however, had not ended. Rationing continued, families were still separated in many cases, and homes were destroyed. Long term issues replaced the day to day survival of the war, and the economy was totally geared to munitions production and had to be turned around. Redgrave Hall had been requisitioned for troops during the war, and following this period, and the massive repairs needed, it was demolished in , like many other large houses of the time.
Welcome! This site features materials such as photographs, maps, newspapers, posters, reports and other media from the University of Washington Libraries, University of Washington Faculty and Departments, and organizations that have participated in partner projects with the UW Libraries.
Clark — See all books below and on Amazon here: New April 28, Lessons From The Gibson Girl traces the Gibson Girl as she captured the admiration of both men and women with seductive yet thought-provoking humor in the early 20th century. Even though a century has passed since the provocative, yet comedic art touched millions of readers, many of the problems she tackled are still visible on today’s stage.
Lessons also provides a interesting look at the fashions of the early 20th century, ones you may find in old family pictures. That is actually how the book became an idea, as I was researching 20th century fashions. More than illustrations are historically accurate of the time period, all published in popular magazines and journals of the time. Learn more and browse sample pages. Yet, some pictures may not be identified.
Date Early Photos within a few years of when they were taken.
DATING CARD MOUNTED PHOTOGRAPHS
Jewish Cemetery Filantropia Address: Ion Mihalache 91—93 Telephone: Vineri 9 Tel: Botosani Jews settled in this historic market town in northeastern Romania in the 17th century and by the 19th century, the community had become one of the largest in the province of Moldova. Most emigrated to Israel at the onset of the war, with only a few dozen remaining.
Miscegenation (/ m ɪ ˌ s ɛ dʒ ɪ ˈ n eɪ ʃ ən /) is the mixing of different racial groups through marriage, cohabitation, sexual relations, or procreation, particularly mixing that is perceived to negatively impact the purity of a particular race or culture. Anti-miscegentation is a prominent theme of white supremacy.. Though the notion that racial mixing is undesirable has arisen at.
After copies were pressed onto the paper, the paper entered the cabinet under the copier, where it dried on a large roller. An attachment was used to cut dried copies off the roll. Numerous companies produced roller copiers over a period of three decades. For example, Plate 11B shows a Rapid Duplicator that was advertised in Copies could be made more quickly with a roller copier than with a letter copying press.
It was claimed that nearly papers could be copied in two minutes with a roller copier. Roller copiers also competed with carbon paper. It was claimed that a roller copier could make a half dozen copies of a typewritten letter if the letter was run through the copier several times. It could make a dozen copies if the letter was written with a pen and good copying ink. Referring to roller copiers, Chas. Sweetland,Anti-Confusion Business Methods, , p. Rapid Roller Copier Plate 11B3. This machine was similar to roller copiers but copied onto loose-leaf paper.
ROMANIA Jewish Heritage
That’s generations the Kumeyaay have occupied what is now known as the County of San Diego!! If you or I are represented as the top block in this pyramid, all the mothers and fathers who got us to this point over hundreds of generations may be imagined as building blocks to create this symbolic metaphoric image. Each of us has a biological mother and father.
Those two parents our grand parents have four parents between them. Those four parents our great grand parents have eight parents between them.
KUMEYAAY INDIAN HISTORY research essay facts about Native American precontact prehistoric historical San Diego County in Southwestewrn Southern California Mexico.
The first half of the 20th century: The Yellow Kid, set in a large single scene, not a narrative strip, was the first continuous comic character in the United States. Outcault established earthy, strictly urban farce as the keynote of the early American strip, which thereafter grew in sophistication and sentimentality. The Yellow Kid also standardized the speech balloon, which had largely fallen into disuse since the 17th century and its occasional appearance in the English caricatural strip about In Rudolph Dirks , at the instigation of Hearst, who as a child had enjoyed the work of Busch, worked up a strip based on Max and Moritz, called the Katzenjammer Kids, which proved an instant success.
It survived in syndication into the 21st century, under its sixth author. The market-driven tendency to continue strips in their formula if not their spirit after the death of the original author s has given extraordinary longevity to many strips that should have died a natural death; most decline into prolonged senility before being finally scrapped. Katzenjammer Kids had for the first time the fully developed form of the newspaper strip; i.
The spread of comics to other newspapers was rapid and was aided by the development of newspaper syndication. The strip was executed in fairy-tale illustration style, with a conscious display of colouristic effects. A musical based on the strip and called Little Nemo was produced in , and an animated cartoon by McCay followed in Mutt later Mutt and Jeff. At first set in a horse-racing milieu , it soon became a general interest comic.
St Edmundsbury Local History
Only the most famous builders from the earliest 6-string guitar through the 19th century are discussed on this page. This site presents only the most rudimentary basics of the topic. There were numerous 19th century builders, in fact probably hundreds of luthiers. For many of these makers, perhaps only a handful or even only 1 guitar survives. Just like today, some builders made expensive, highly-prized concert guitars, while other makers made cheap household guitars, and every level inbetween.
Some makers achieved great playing guitars with tremendous power and tone, while others made ornate instruments for social graces.
The photo left is a period Fabricatore, and the others are reproductions of originals by luthier Bernhard Kresse.. These are prime examples of the main early 19th century guitar styles: Italian, Viennese, French, and Spanish.
These are dated by illustrations in the Illustrated London News and the Builder and by documentary research in the bank and insurance companies’ archives. Dating a building by inscription is a long tradition, though few name the architect in such brief form as that on the Town Hall at Blandford Forum which reads ‘Bastard, Architect, ‘. The trouble with inscriptions, useful though they are, is that you cannot be sure that they are right many have been added by later owners or that they date more than a particular feature or phase of development.
The datestone has to be treated with the same critical eye as the rest of the building. Historic buildings need historians. That might seem axiomatic, but surprisingly few of the half million or so listed buildings have ever been thoroughly investigated. The rise of a specialist role of architectural historian has gone hand-in-hand with the growth of the conservation movement over the last half-century. What do architectural historians do?
KUMEYAAY HISTORY DEPARTMENT Indigenous Native American Indian Peoples of San Diego County Timeline
Mathematician Alan Turing’s theory for a ‘universal machine’, which forms the basis for all modern computing, has been voted the greatest British innovation of the 20th Century Mathematician Alan Turing’s theoretical basis for all modern computers known as the ‘universal machine’ has been voted the greatest British innovation of the past century in a new poll. The famous computer scientist came up with the theory, on which all modern computing is based, in a paper ‘on computable numbers’ in He described a device that would read symbols on a tape and proposed that the tape could be used to program the machine.
The ‘universal machine’ came top of a poll to find the greatest British innovation of the past years. More than 50, votes were entered with Turing’s theory securing 18 per cent – just one per cent ahead of the BMC Mini.
Romania is a country rich in Jewish heritage. The first Jews arrived as part of the Roman legions (Legion Judaica) that invaded Dacia in the Middle Ages, Jewish immigrants began settling in Walachia and Moldova, with ever-increasing numbers arriving after .
Clark — See all books below and on Amazon here: She Persisted Lessons From The Gibson Girl traces the Gibson Girl as she captured the admiration of both men and women with seductive yet thought-provoking humor in the early 20th century. Even though a century has passed since the provocative, yet comedic art touched millions of readers, many of the problems she tackled are still visible on today’s stage. Lessons also provides a interesting look at the fashions of the early 20th century, ones you may find in old family pictures.
That is actually how the book became an idea, as I was researching 20th century fashions. More than illustrations are historically accurate of the time period, all published in popular magazines and journals of the time. Learn more and browse sample pages. Yet, some pictures may not be identified. Date Early Photos within a few years of when they were taken.
This process narrows the time frame in which a photograph was likely taken. Books the Way You Want Them The KwikGuide books from Phototree are recognized as some of the most complete, easiest-to-following resources for vintage photographs.